Jin-Song von Storch1,
Viatcheslav V. Kharin2,
Ulrich Cubasch3, Gabriele C. Hegerl4$, Dierk Schriever4
Hans von Storch5, Eduardo Zorita5
A description of a 1260-year control integration with the coupled ECHAM1/LSG general circulation model
A 1260-year integration generated by the ECHAM1/LSG coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation model is analyzed in this paper. The analysis focuses on the climate drift and on the variations of the coupled atmosphere-ocean system after the initial climate drift has essentially died out. The initial drift is induced, to a large extent, by the applied heat flux correction which has very large spatially fixed values of upward heat flux in the polar regions, in particular along the Antarctic coast. The globally integrated fresh water flux becomes unbalanced during the integration, due to the changes in the snow accumulation rate over Greenland and Antarctica. The resulting net upward fresh water flux induces a linear trend in the salinity of the upper ocean. The drift of temperature and salinity in the deep ocean, which is essentially independent of the boundary conditions variations during the coupled integration, is presumably related to the spin-up of the deep ocean prior to the coupling. The analysis of the last 810-year of the integration, which is free from the strong initial drift, suggests that the tropospheric variations are white on time scales longer than one year. The dominant Northern Hemispheric mode resembles the western Atlantic pattern. The dominant tropical and Southern Hemispheric modes are essentially zonally symmetric. All these modes can be found on both short (1 year) and long (15 years) time scales. For the oceanic variations, the spatial distribution of the total variance and the dominant modes and the relationships between these modes are studied. For the horizontal barotropic streamfunction, the most dominant mode describes an anomalous westward (eastward) circumpolar flow together with clockwise (anticlockwise) circulation in the Southern Atlantic and southeast of South Africa and in the Southern Pacific. For the zonally averaged meridional circulation, the most coherent structures are characterized by dipole structures, indicating recirculations within each basin. These variations in the meridional circulation are related to those of the dominant mode in the horizontal barotropic circulation.
J Climate, 10, 1526-1544 1997.
Corresponding author: Jin-Song von Storch, present address: Institute of Hydrophysics, GKSS-Research-Center, P.O. Box, D-21502 Geesthacht, Germany, e-mail: email@example.com, phone: +49~4152/87-1907, fax: +49~4152/87-1888